Eiris sâzun idisi,
sâzun hêra duoder.
Suma hapt heptidum, suma
inuar uîgandun !
The Merseburg Spells are a fascinating collection of texts that offer insight into the magical imagination of early Germanic tribal life. Although I am not an expert on poetry or Germanic mythology, I can nevertheless attempt to provide a poetic analysis of the Merseburg Spells based on my general knowledge:
The spells are written in Old High German and have a rhythmic structure and figurative language. This rhythmic structure assisted practitioners in magical acts by creating a melodic pull.
The spells refer to mythological figures and events, such as the goddess Freyja and the hero Wodan (Odin), what suggests that Germanic mythology and the world of the gods were deeply embedded in people's way of life and occupied a central place in their imaginations.
The figurative language in the sayings conjures vivid images that combine elements of nature, human activities, and spiritual concepts, establishing a solid connection between the practitioners and the forces or beings invoked in the sayings.
The sayings also show signs of rhyme and alliteration, indicating a deliberate linguistic design. These stylistic elements made the words in the spells more powerful and forceful.
In terms of content, the spells often have a practical purpose, such as healing injuries or loosening bonds, showing that the spells were not only poetic forms of expression but also contained concrete instructions for action to achieve specific goals.
Overall, the Merseburg spells immerse us in a time when poetry, mythology, and magic were closely intertwined. They offer insight into the deep spiritual connection of the Germanic tribes with nature and the gods while at the same time providing practical applications in everyday life.